Learn About

Go To--> Learn About | Health

Article: Guide To Health

Health Conditions

Table of Contents
  1. Wellness: Preventing Injury
  2. Wellness: Personal Safety
  3. Wellness: Preventing Diseases
  4. Wellness: Nutrition and Fitness
  5. Long Term Care
  6. Medications and Side Affects
  7. Alternative Health Care
  8. Health Conditions
  9. Neurological Disorders
  10. Neuromuscular Disorders
  11. Senior Health
  12. Social Issues

Back Pain
Birth Defects
Congenital Heart Defect
Developmental Disability
Heart Disease
Kidney Disorder
Lung Disease
Neurological Disorders
Neuromuscular Disorders


Arthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of the joint's cartilage. It affects hands and weight-bearing joints such as knees, hips, feet, and the back. It is most common in middle-aged and older adults. Arthritis is a major cause of lost work time and is a serious disability for many people in the United States. There are more than 100 types of arthritis. Arthritis specialists are called "rheumatologists".

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), an agency of the National Institute of Health (NIH), has published a number of fact sheets that answer questions for persons with arthritis and their families, including:

Do I Have Arthritis?
Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis

The Arthritis Foundation
The Arthritis Foundation is a great resource for anyone desiring to know more about arthritis.

Mayo Clinic
The Mayo Clinic offers information about sign, symptoms, causes, treatments and more.


Back to Top 


Back Pain


Back pain is the second most common neurological illness. It is the most common cause of job-related disability and the leading cause of lost work time. To learn more, checkout the resources below:

National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke
The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke has a fact sheet on Lower Back Pain.

North American Spine Society
The North American Spine Society provides information on prevention and spine health maintenance, as well as specific spine conditions on its website.

American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons provides helpful information on back care on its national website.

Birth Defects

Birth Defects are the number one cause of death and account for over 20 percent of all infant mortality in the U.S. In addition, birth defects contribute to long term disability.

March of Dimes
Visit the March of Dimes website to get helpful information on birth defects.

Centers for Disease Control
The Centers for Disease Control offers information on birth defects at its website.

Back to Top 


Cancer is an abnormal overgrowth of cells in the human body. Normal body cells develop and grow with certain limitations. Once the limitation is broken, cell overgrowth is out of control and cancer forms.

American Cancer Society, Patients, Family, & Friends
Learn about the different types of cancers on this website.

National Cancer Institute
The Cancer Information page from the National Cancer Institute contains general information on cancer types, treatment, prevention, causes, and cancer support groups.

Back to Top 


Congenital Heart Defect


A condition is called congenital when it is present at birth. Heart defects originate in the early part of pregnancy when the heart is forming. Congenital heart defects can affect any of the different parts or functions of the heart.

March of Dimes
This website has a quick reference sheet on congenital heart defect.

American Heart Association
The American Heart Association addresses congenital heart defects at its website.

Congenital Heart Information Network
The Congenital Heart Information Network is a nonprofit information network for families in need.

Nemours Foundation
The Nemours Foundation hosts a site called Kids Health for Parents. Read "If Your Child Has a Heart Defect" to get more information on congenital heart defects.

Back to Top 




Depression affects a person's ability to complete daily tasks and can affect family and friends. Major depression is a leading cause of disability in the U.S. each year. There are different types of depression, affecting all age groups. The primary treatment for depression at present is prescribing antidepressant drugs. However, there are uncomfortable side effects to many drugs, and more people are seeking alternative medical approaches such as herbal medicine or acupuncture.

National Institute of Mental Health
The National Institute of Mental Health provides a general overview of depression.

National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)
The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) is a nonprofit organization providing grass roots and advocacy help in mental health.

This website, sponsored by the National Mental Health Association, provides a brief screening test for depression.

Back to Top 

Developmental Disability

Developmental Disabilities are physical or mental impairments that begin before age 22, and alter or substantially inhibit a person's capacity to do at least three of the following:

  • Take care of themselves (dress, bathe, eat, and other daily tasks)
  • Speak and be understood clearly
  • Learn
  • Walk or move around
  • Make decisions
  • Live on their own
  • Earn and manage an income

About 17 percent of all U.S. children under the age of 18 have a developmental disability. In most instances, the cause of the disability is unknown. That is why it is important to understand what factors increase the chance that a child will have a developmental disability and what can be done to prevent the condition. Approximately 2 percent of school-aged children in the U.S. have a serious developmental disability, such as mental retardation or cerebral palsy, and need special education services or supportive care.

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities
Check out their website for more information about developmental disabilities.

Back to Top 




Diabetes is a disorder that occurs when the hormone 'insulin' does not properly convert sugar into energy or stored energy form. People with diabetes have a problem with the sugar level in their body. Excess sugar leads to damage of different organs such as the heart and skin, and blood vessels.

American Diabetes Association
Learn more about diabetes on the American Diabetes Association website.

National Diabetes Education Program
Find out information about diabetes through the National Diabetes Education Program.

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) provides frequently asked questions on diabetes.

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC)
The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), an agency of the National Institute of Health (NIH), provides the following on diabetes.

6 Strategies for Controlling Diabetes
Learn what the next steps are after being diagnosed with diabetes, from WebMD.

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International provides support and answers to families dealing with Juvenile Diabetes.

Back to Top 


Heart disease


The heart constantly pumps blood to all parts of the body. If the heart is diseased, the pumping function is interfered with, causing a life-threatening situation.

American Heart Association
To learn more about diseases and conditions that affect your heart and how to maintain a healthy lifestyle, visit the American Heart Association website.

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute also provides valuable facts on heart and vascular diseases.


Kidney disorder


The kidney's function is to clean the blood by taking away extra water and waste. When both kidneys stop working, the body holds the extra water and waste, causing damage.

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC)
The National Institute of Health (NIH) supports a National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), with helpful information regarding kidney disorders.

American Association of Kidney Patients
Individuals with kidney disease can find support at the American Association of Kidney Patients website.

Back to Top 


Lung Disease


Lung disease is the number three killer of Americans and is responsible for one in every seven deaths. More than 35 million Americans are living with chronic lung disease such as asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.

American Lung Association
Learn more about lung disease at the American Lung Association's website.

Lung Disease Fact Sheet
Women experiencing lung disease may find support at WomensHealth.gov.

Back to Top 

Previous Next

Last Updated on 12/26/2017

Saturday, September 23, 2023